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Audio: Will We 'Droid Our Economy To Death?
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Jimbo



Joined: 11 Mar 2008
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PostPosted: Tue May 13, 2014 8:55 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

What about getting a slick wordsmith on a new and better way to say redistribution of wealth? Like they got the rubes to think Death Tax instead of inheritance tax, why not Save A Life Tax or Give It Up You Greedy Bastards Tax.
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Fintan
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PostPosted: Wed May 28, 2014 6:30 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

Quote:
Southpark Fan: Interesting article Fintan.
We are going to design and innovate ourselves right out of existence.

Lol - yeah, if we are not careful.

This guy is downright scared:

Quote:



Global unrest will grow as jobs disappear to technology: BlackRock CEO
May 28, 2014, 4:50 PM ET

BlackRock CEO Larry Fink says what he’s worried about most is technology and its impact on jobs around the world.

“We have been living with technology (in the U.S.) and how it has changed in 20 years,” said Fink. “This is happening in a very rapid pace in developing countries.”

Speaking at the Deutsche Bank conference on Wednesday on what keeps him awake at night, Fink said the developing world is only now feeling the dramatic impact of technology replacing humans and that could lead to more unrest around the globe.

“Every global leader I talk to, talks about creating jobs,” said Fink. “It’s not just a U.S. or Europe issue.”

The BlackRock Inc. BLK +0.37% CEO points to industries like autos and agriculture that are being impacted the most around the world, that are using less humans capital and more technology.

Tata Motors Ltd TTM for example has changed with improved technology, with factories with fewer people.

“20 years ago the foundation of manufacturing was lots of people and cheap labor,” said Fink. “Now people are a smaller and smaller component of manufacturing process.”



The veteran banker also pointed out how technology is replacing manual labor in developing countries in South America.

“Miles and miles of soybean fields” are using technology and using fewer humans than ever before. With more people out of work and little migration happening between rural areas to cities around the world, it’s a not coincidence that there is global unrest, he says.

The deficiency in jobs for all the people that want them could not only hurt economies but cause extremes in societies.

“What it ultimately means is that the educated of the world will have lots of opportunities and the less educated will have less opportunities,” said Fink.

http://blogs.marketwatch.com/thetell/2014/05/28/blackrocks-larry-fink-technology-could-lead-to-social-unrest/

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duaneh



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PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 11:13 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-05-28/robots-could-cost-australian-economy-5-million-jobs-expert-says/5484740

Robots could cost Australian economy 5 million jobs, experts warn, as companies look to cut costs

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Southpark Fan



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PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 2:31 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

We Will End Disability by Becoming Cyborgs
Eliza Strickland | 27 May 2014 | IEEE Spectrum


Neural interfaces and prosthetics will do away with biology’s failings.

Quote:
Today, three decades after his accident, Herr walks on bionic limbs of his own creation. As director of the biomechatronics group at the MIT Media Lab, Herr developed advanced prosthetics that he uses to walk, run, and even rock climb. And now, as he works with his colleagues to establish MIT’s new Center for Extreme Bionics, Herr is setting out not just to reinvent himself but the whole of society. “Fifty years out, I think we will have largely eliminated disability,” he declares, adding that he’s referring not just to physical disabilities but to many emotional and intellectual infirmities as well.

Herr believes the solutions lie not in biological or pharmacological cures but in novel electromechanical additions to our bodies. He gestures to his own artificial limbs to make the point. “My legs weren’t grown back; I wasn’t given a total limb transplant,” he notes. “If you eliminate the synthetics, all I can do is crawl. But with them,” he says with a slow smile, “I can more or less do anything.”

The body is electric. We’ve known that since the 18th century, when Luigi Galvani touched a charged scalpel to a nerve and made a dead frog’s leg kick. Neurons in the brain send out pulses of voltage when they “fire,” and the patterns of their pulses make up our sensations, our musings, and our actions. The electric signals generated in the brain also travel through the spinal cord and along the peripheral nerves to instruct the body’s muscles and organs. Medicine in the 20th century relied primarily on pharmaceuticals that could chemically alter the action of neurons or other cells in the body, but 21st-century health care may be defined more by electroceuticals: novel treatments that will use pulses of electricity to regulate the activity of neurons, or devices that interface directly with our nerves.

Herr’s lab focuses on advanced prosthetic legs, and it is developing systems that will allow amputees to control a titanium-and-plastic limb as naturally as they would a flesh-and-blood leg. The goal is to record and understand the brain’s commands and then to send those instructions to the prosthetic. Herr has already tested an early version of such an integrated device. In that setup, he flexed the muscles around his knee as if he were taking a step; then an electromyograph captured the electric signal in those muscles and translated it into a digital signal that made sense to the microprocessors in his artificial foot. Just like that, he stepped.

Even more direct connection between brain and machine will be possible, Herr says, when he succeeds in connecting prosthetics directly to the peripheral nerves in amputees’ residual limbs. Not only could such a system relay more precise commands to the prosthetic, it could also send sensory information back up the nerves. And when amputees actually feel the grass beneath their prosthetic toes, Herr says, it will change the way humans view this technology. “When that happens it will not matter what [the prosthetic] is made of, it will be you,” he says. “I feel, therefore I am.”

People with bodily disabilities typically have a moment that marked the onset of their troubles—for example, Hugh Herr’s ill-fated climbing excursion. In contrast, people with the crushing emotional difficulty of depression often don’t know when it started, nor do they necessarily define themselves as disabled. Depression is just the state of mind they live with daily, stripping the present of all pleasure and the future of all hope.

Neuroscientists discovered years ago that this existential dread can be treated by using electricity to alter the activity of neurons, and they are now putting that knowledge to use. DBS, one of the most exciting experimental treatments for depression, uses an implanted “brain pacemaker” that sends steady pulses of electricity to certain brain regions. It’s a technology that was pioneered to stop Parkinson’s patients’ tremors, but it’s now being explored for a dizzying array of neural and psychiatric disorders, including depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and PTSD. “Right now we’re at the beta testing stage of DBS for psychiatry,” says Helen Mayberg, a neurology professor at Emory University and an authority on DBS for depression.

More than 100 000 Parkinson’s patients have had electrodes implanted in the motor control regions of their brains, where the stimulator’s pulses reduce the activity of neurons that are misfiring. But for disorders like depression, both the target for treatment and the mechanism of action are considerably less clear. “The limiting factor is actually the neuroscience, not the engineering,” Mayberg says. She used brain imaging studies to pinpoint a particular region, Brodmann area 25, as overactive in depressed patients, and she has implanted the DBS device in this region of the brains of about two dozen patients who haven’t responded to a slew of medications and therapies.

Once physical and emotional disabilities have been conquered, the intellectual failures associated with aging will be a natural next target, says Theodore Berger, a professor of biomedical engineering at the University of Southern California. In fact, by 2064, going cyborg may simply be the sensible and economical thing to do. “We’re living longer, so aging problems, and cognitive problems in particular, are going to be more and more prevalent,” Berger says. “The cost of a cognitive prosthetic will pale in comparison to taking care of a person with dementia for 20 years.”

It’s quite possible that Alzheimer’s patients of the future will be equipped with memory prosthetics derived from the devices being invented in Berger’s lab today. His work began with delicate electrodes inserted into a rat’s hippocampus, the brain structure responsible for encoding memory. Berger first deciphered the relationship between the input signals from neurons that process a brief learning experience—for example, which lever a rat should press to gain a sip of sugar water—and the output signals from neurons that send the information on to be stored as a memory.

Once he had mapped the correlations between the two electrical patterns, Berger could record an input signal and predict the output signal—in other words, the memory. He didn’t need to know which part of the input pattern coded for the dimensions of the lever or for the taste of the sweet reward. He simply mathematically generated the output signal and sent it to the memory-storage neurons. “It’s like translating Russian to Chinese when you don’t know either language,” Berger says. “We don’t want to know either language; we just want to know how this pattern becomes that pattern.”

Berger proved that he could implant the memory of the lever-and-reward test in a rat with a damaged hippocampus that was unable to form memories on its own. Even more remarkable, he implanted the memory in a rat that had never before undergone the test or seen the levers. The rat entered the test chamber for the first time, pressed the correct lever, and sucked down the sweet nectar.

With the knowledge of how to record and store memories, Berger can imagine a prosthetic device that encodes memories on a chip. He and his colleagues have already advanced to primate experiments, and he expects to proceed to the first human trials in the coming years. “It will absolutely happen,” he says. In 50 years, he says, elderly people could have devices that they switch on to remember something as trivial as where they put their car keys or as meaningful as their grandchildren’s names.

Related: Liquid Metal Reconnects Severed Nerves in Frogs

Related: Becoming Bionic: Engineering Beyond Biology

Related: Flying Quadrotors with Your Mind


I think the answer to the question the title of this thread posits is YES.

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duaneh



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PostPosted: Thu May 29, 2014 6:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

"electroceuticals" has a much more benign sound the "brain chip"

http://www.defenseone.com/technology/2014/05/D1-Tucker-military-building-brain-chips-treat-ptsd/85360/

The Military Is Building Brain Chips to Treat PTSD

How well can you predict your next mood swing? How well can anyone? It’s an existential dilemma for many of us but for the military, the ability to treat anxiety, depression, memory loss and the symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress disorder has become one of the most important battles of the post-war period.

Now the Pentagon is developing a new, innovative brain chip to treat PTSD in soldiers and veterans that could bring sweeping new changes to the way depression and anxiety is treated for millions of Americans.





With $12 million (and the potential for $26 million more if benchmarks are met), the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, wants to reach deep into your brain’s soft tissue to record, predict and possibly treat anxiety, depression and other maladies of mood and mind. Teams from the University of California at San Francisco, Lawrence Livermore National Lab and Medtronic will use the money to create a cybernetic implant with electrodes extending into the brain. The military hopes to have a prototype within 5 years and then plans to seek FDA approval.

DARPA’s Systems-Based Neurotechnology for Emerging Therapies, or SUBNETs, program draws from almost a decade of research in treating disorders such as Parkinson’s disease via a technique called deep brain stimulation. Low doses of electricity are sent deep into the brain in somewhat the same way that a defibrillator sends electricity to jumpstart a heart after cardiac arrest.

While it sounds high-tech, it’s a crude example of what’s possible with future brain-machine interaction and cybernetic implants in the decades ahead.

“DARPA is looking for ways to characterize which regions come into play for different conditions – measured from brain networks down to the single neuron level – and develop therapeutic devices that can record activity, deliver targeted stimulation, and most importantly, automatically adjust therapy as the brain itself changes,” DARPA program manager Justin Sanchez said.

SUBNETs isn’t the only military research initiative aimed at stimulating the brain with electricity. The Air Force has been studying the effects of low amounts of electricity on the brain by using a non-invasive interface (a cap that doesn’t penetrate into the skull.) The objective is to deliver a caffeine-like boost to help soldiers stay alert through long stretches of piloting or screen interaction. The current DARPA project stands out as uniquely ambitious in what it promises to reveal about the brain, in addition to stimulating it.

While neuroscientists are getting much better at using, understanding and harnessing the big electrical signals that emerge from the brain’s motor cortex, research that is rapidly contributing to much better prosthetic arms, they still don’t have a clear understanding of the way brain regions work in mood disorders associated with PTSD. We do know that anxiety ailments involve a delicate interplay of memory (in the physical form of synaptic connections) and stimuli and manifest across multiple brain areas. Furthermore, these responses and interactions can change as the very malleable brain itself adapts in unpredictable ways.

“Little is understood of how the brain’s neural circuitry relates to anxiety and other neuropsychiatric disorders. This project will seek to markedly improve that understanding by obtaining maps of the brain’s electrical activity at higher resolution than has been previously possible. The ultimate impact on the treatment of major depression, anxiety disorders, and other conditions remains to be seen, but a more clear understanding of the basis of these disorders is badly needed,” Edward Chang, a neuroscientist at the University of California at San Francisco told Defense One.

The device would record what happens when a subject transitions into a state of anxiousness or depression from a more normal frame of mind. Today, observing brain activity that fine requires a bulky brain-monitoring system like the moderately inconvenient but rather imprecise EEG cap to the much more robust magnetoencephalograph, MEG, which can take very detailed readings of magnetic brain activity millisecond by millisecond. But commonly available MEG readers are enormous, require several gallons of liquid nitrogen to stay cool and can cost around $4 million.

​“There is really no comparison between the vast amount of data you can get from an invasive deep brain implant (i.e. you cut open the skull and put one of more wires deep inside) versus the smeared slow trickle of information you can get from an EEG cap outside the​ skull. Chronic fMRI gives much more data, but is practically impossible on any longer time scales (even hours) due to the cost of using the machine and the required immobility of the subject,” University of Arizona neuroscientist Charles Higgins told Defense One.

If the DARPA program is successful, it will yield new brain-monitoring capabilities that are exponentially cheaper smaller, more useful and that collect data when the patient is most likely to actually encounter traumatic stimuli, not just when he or she is in a lab-making data collection much easier and the data more useful.

“With existing technology, we can’t really record anxiety level inside the brain. We can potentially record adrenaline and cortisol levels in the bloodstream to measure anxiety. However, if a deep brain implant is to be used (as proposed in this project), it might be possible to monitor activity in the amygdala, and this would be a direct way of monitoring anxiety,” said Higgins.

Using that data, the researchers hope to create models and maps to allow for a more precise understanding of the electrical patterns in the brain that signal anxiety, memory loss and depression. The data from devices, when they come online, will be made available to the public but will be rendered anonymous, so records of an individual test subject’s brain activity could not be traced back to a specific person.

In short, researchers will soon know much more about what causes anxiety and mood swings and will be able to predict those transitions in specific patients at specific times. They could then treat depression or anxiety remotely via a device that pushes the brain to establish new circuits and areas outside of the traumatized regions. It may improve your mood in the future, even the thought of it is a bit distressing today.

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Benn



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PostPosted: Fri May 30, 2014 4:45 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote


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duaneh



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PostPosted: Fri May 30, 2014 9:38 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

another article

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/05/140529142448.htm

'Free choice' in primates altered through brain stimulation
Date:
May 29, 2014

Summary:
When electrical pulses are applied to the ventral tegmental area of their brain, macaques presented with two images change their preference from one image to the other. The study is the first to confirm a causal link between activity in the ventral tegmental area and choice behavior in primates.


hey, aren't humans considered primates?

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Fintan
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PostPosted: Mon Jul 28, 2014 5:14 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

This is the software analysis "brain" which I believe
will enable Google's voice recognition to transform
the internet experience. [~2017]

Then, we go beyond recognition to a full contextual
understanding and response by a Google search agent.
[~2020]

Key Quote from the article:

“Google is not really a search company.
It’s a machine-learning company.”

Pre-frikking-cisely!

Quote:

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atm



Joined: 16 Apr 2006
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PostPosted: Thu Aug 07, 2014 9:58 am    Post subject: Reply with quote

Sir, there is hope for one's master's future yet, sir:

http://www.theguardian.com/money/2014/aug/07/six-well-paid-jobs-careers

Ethical hacking was started by Coventry University, my alma...where I went once:

http://www.coventry.ac.uk/course-structure/2014/faculty-of-engineering-and-computing/undergraduate/ethical-hacking-and-network-security-bsc-hons/

Clink on the link above or alternatively just hack it.

May I be weleeveed?

atm Wink
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Peter



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PostPosted: Sun Aug 17, 2014 9:16 am    Post subject: circular reasoning Reply with quote

Blackrock's 7% of global 'wealth' when it moves around to avoid risk is an intimidating force against change. It uses a ton of supercomputers and an AI program called Alladin to predict where and how to invest to avoid disaster.

Money makes the world go round ... so that it can't get ahead.

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psikeyhackr



Joined: 13 Oct 2007
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PostPosted: Tue Aug 19, 2014 8:20 pm    Post subject: Depreciation Reply with quote

Where is wealth going?

A friend of mine just bought a laptop off eBay for less then $250.

He called the seller. He bought it 4 years ago for $1500. It got such a low bid because it had a couple of minor problems that looked serious. The same model that works fine goes for $600.

So part of our problem is that most people don't know how to fix minor stuff.

The schools do not teach us how to play the Economic Wargame.

But if a quad-core is $300 who needs more processing power than that even if it gets cheaper?

psik

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Robert



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PostPosted: Wed Aug 20, 2014 12:16 pm    Post subject: Reply with quote

IIRC Slavoj Zizek said something along the lines of a definition of fascism is when people stop repairing things.
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